Migraines are a severe, frequently incapacitating type of headache. Migraine sufferers frequently require prescription medication or medical therapy to alleviate their symptoms. A basic over-the-counter headache medication is rarely beneficial for migraine treatment.
Symptoms of chronic migraine
Chronic migraine symptoms occur at least 15 days per month for at least three months in a row. A chronic migraine must also have two of the following migraine symptoms for at least eight days each month: causes moderate to severe pain mostly affects one side of the head creates a throbbing, pulsing feeling on the afflicted side of the brain begins or is exacerbated by ordinary physical activity, such as walking or cleaning
Doctors and academics do not have a good understanding of migraines. Although several reasons have been found, definite answers have yet to be uncovered. Some hypotheses on what triggers migraine include:
- Central nerve system dysfunction: Chronic migraines may be caused by an underlying neurological problem.
- Chemical imbalances: For proper brain function, all chemicals must be balanced and all nerve pathways must be clean. Migraine headaches may occur if any of these things are disrupted.
- Factors of genetic origin: If a close family member, such as a parent or sibling, has had migraines, your chances of getting them rise.
- Vascular irregularities: Migraine headaches can be caused by problems with the form, size, or blood flow in arteries leading to or inside your brain.
- Chronic migraines may be an underlying sign of another severe ailment in some circumstances. TBI is one of the conditions that might cause chronic migraines.
- Inflammation or other blood vessel problems in the brain, including stroke infections such as meningitis brain tumors
- Inadequate or excessive intracranial pressure
When your doctor diagnoses you with chronic migraine, he or she will almost certainly order testing to rule out these diseases.
Chronic migraines may be treated in some situations.
Chronic migraine treatment may include a combination of drugs, lifestyle modifications, and alternative therapies.
If you have persistent migraines, your doctor will most likely advise you to take a prescription medicine. Depending on your situation, you may be prescribed medicine to take when a migraine attack begins or to take on a regular basis to prevent or minimize the intensity of migraine episodes. Triptans, such as almotriptan and eletriptan, are acute migraine medicines used to reduce the severity of a migraine episode. Antidepressants and seizure medicines may also be administered to lessen migraine activity.
Changes in lifestyle
Certain lifestyle adjustments might also aid in migraine prevention. Reducing stress and improving relaxation can help many individuals avoid migraines. Mindful meditation can aid in leading to peaceful chain of thought. Alternative treatments that may be used to treat migraines. Massage, acupuncture, and enhanced B-2 vitamins are among them. Another sort of alternative treatment that may help avoid migraines is biofeedback. This teaches you how to relax certain muscles in order to relieve headaches.