Orthopedic surgery exists to help people get back on their feet and back to the lifestyle they previously had. In some cases, it is even better than they expected. While it is a lifesaver for many patients, the type of surgery is collected into various categories. Knowing the difference between them helps doctors select the best choice for any Brooklyn personal injury issues.

Knee Arthroscopy

During knee arthroscopy, an arthroscope, which is a camera, is put into the knee to look for problems. If anything is seen, the arthroscope also has tools to make repairs; the arthroscopy will take care of issues like ligaments or a torn meniscus. For the procedure, a small incision is made for the arthroscope, it can be done with general anesthesia or numbing of the area. A knee replacement or knee arthroplasty is used to get rid of damage and end pain. An artificial joint is put in the place of the damaged area, an artificial joint can be made from metal or plastic.

Hip Surgeries

There are different issues that cause problems with the hip and will require surgery.  These conditions can include arthritis and injuries such as fractures. Issues with movement and pain make this type of surgery necessary for patients who have not seen relief using other non-invasive methods. Any problem areas of the hip are taken out with a total hip replacement, prosthetic parts are put in to take the place of original bones. There is also a partial hip replacement where the ball of the hip is the only part replaced. With hip resurfacing the ball is left in the hip and a metal part put onto it that will work with an artificial socket.

Shoulder Surgeries

The shoulder can need much repair and one of the most common surgeries is on the rotator cuff; it can have problems with tendons being compressed or torn. An arthroscope is used when repairing compressed tendons. Keep in mind that torn tendons have a longer recovery and require more care to heal. When the shoulder becomes dislocated, it may need surgery. The area is made stronger and stable during this type of procedure. Due to disease or injury, the whole shoulder may need replacing. A metal artificial ball and a plastic socket will complete any work on the shoulder.

Wrist Surgeries

Injuries and fractures among other things can happen to someone’s wrist; if there is a fracture the wrist might need to be reconstructed with wires and/or rods. Also, casts can be put on to stabilize the area. If there is a wound with infection or abscess at the wrist it may require a drain. Wrist replacement surgery is done when there is disease or injury and can relieve pain. It also may help with daily activities by improving movement across the area. Implants can be used in the joint or the surgeon may fuse it together; when it is fused together the wrist usually will not bend.

Orthopedic surgery offers a lot of promise for patients struggling with various issues. The choice of which type to use depends on the doctor’s decision as well as where the injury is located on the patient’s body. No matter what, surgery is the last option, but one that can change a patient’s life for the better.

Cite this article as:
Editorial Staff, "What Is Orthopedic Surgery," in Medicalopedia, March 17, 2020, [Permalink: https://www.medicalopedia.org/8502/what-is-orthopedic-surgery/].