With 4.3 million cases reported annually in the US alone, Carcinoma is the most common type  of skin cancer.

Carcinoma tumor initially develops in the tissue that lines to vital body organs such as kidneys and liver, or the skin’s epithelial tissue. Then, it either remains confined to the same place or spread to other parts of the body.

The Different Stages of Carcinoma Disease Are as Follows:-

Carcinoma in Situ

This is an early-stage cancer that is restricted to the tissue layer.  In this stage,  the tumor has not spread to the other tissues or essential body organs.

Invasive Carcinoma

It is the second stage of Carcinoma cancer when the tumor has moved out of the primary tissue layer to the surrounding tissues.

Metastatic Carcinoma

An advanced stage of cancer when the tumor spread throughout the body to the vital body organs and tissues.

Types of Carcinoma Cancer

Carcinoma tumor may occur in different body parts, and the common types include:-

Basal Cell Carcinoma

Of all Carcinoma cancer types, Basal Cell Carcinoma is quite prevalent. The tumor cells grow in the skin’s basal cell layer or epidermis lowest part. Typically, this disease grows slowly, and in most cases, it does not spread to the surrounding lymph nodes or the other body parts.

Squamous Cell Carcinoma

It is another common skin cancer type. The cancerous cells originate from the flat, squamous cells which form the skin’s outermost layer. The squamous cells grow slowly and generally do not spread or metastasize. However, they are most likely to spread to the fatty tissue beneath the skin or the other tissues.

Renal Cell Carcinoma

It is a kidney cancer type. Here, the tumor cells develop in the lining of tubules (small tubes) in the kidney. With time, the tumor grows in size and creates a massive obstruction. This disease may happen in one or both the kidneys.

Ductal Carcinoma in Situ

It is a breast cancer type and confined to the milk ducts outside the lining. The tumor usually doesn’t spread through the duct walls to cover the surrounding breast tissue.

Invasive Ductal Carcinoma

Another breast cancer form that occurs when the tumor cells develop in the duct lining and speed ahead to invade the breast tissue. From there the cancer moves to metastasize or the various other body types.

ELISA Cancer Detection Test

The body’s anti-tumor immunity implies that the development of tumors exhibit antigens that are recognized as a foreign object by the host.

The tumor marker may not be adequate to diagnose or rule out cancer. Non-cancerous conditions sometimes cause the expansion of the tumor markers to be greater than normal.

The tumor marker may not be adequate to diagnose or rule out cancer. Non-cancerous conditions sometimes cause the expansion of the tumor markers to be greater than normal. Browse for various such diagnostic kits with ELISA Kit companies worldwide.

Treatment Options For Carcinoma

The treatment for Carcinoma varies depending on the cancer type, location and the extent of the tumor, and here are the following options:-

Chemotherapy

Chemotherapy treats Carcinoma cancer with drugs to destroy the tumor cells, either in the specific area or throughout the body. In certain cases,  this therapy may be advised along with other therapies.

Radiation Therapy

Radiation therapy may be recommended in combination with surgery or chemotherapy. The advanced therapies make use of the image guidance to target the tumor and help safeguard the surrounding tissues & organs.

Surgery

In scenarios, when the medication and other therapies don’t work, doctors may advise you to get the cancerous tumors surgically removed, or even the surrounding tissue. Surgery helps in minimizing the risk of cancerous cells spreading.

Regardless of the type of cancer, early diagnosis is indispensable for effective treatment. So, don’t ignore any symptom, talk to your physician right away!

Cite this article as:
Editorial Staff, "An Introduction to Carcinoma – Types, Diagnosis, and Treatment," in Medicalopedia, March 27, 2020, [Permalink: https://www.medicalopedia.org/8574/an-introduction-to-carcinoma-types-diagnosis-and-treatment/].